The Founder of Moral Maximization

Dr. Andrew Sikula, Sr. has over 50 years of experience in university higher education. He coined the terms 'Moral Management' and 'Moral Maximization' and has devoted the majority of his research to the field of business ethics.


Moral Management: A state of ethical excellence and the practice and implementation of the moral maximization principle.

Moral Maximization: Behaviors, actions, and decisions which result in the greatest enhancement of individual and collective human rights, freedoms, equity, and development.

Morals: An authoritative and universal code of good, right, and proper conduct. Morals involve pure, righteous, honorable, and virtuous behavior.

Moral Morass: The absense of moral maximization. The presence of "anything goes" or situational ethics and values.

Signicant Societal Service: A moral principle which states that all human behavior should render a meaningful benefit to humanity and the community. A component of the Morality Bridge. Also called Continuous Cultural Contribution.

Morality Bridge: A transition, passage, and movement from Moral Morass via Moral Maximization to Moral Management.


Born in Akron, Ohio, 1944

Son of John Sikula and
Anna Marie Shimko Sikula


Gerald John Sikula
John Paul Sikula
Anna Marie Sikula Miller
Michael Joseph Sikula


Judith Roe Sikula


Andrew Casey Sikula, II
Ana Celeste Sikula
Andrew Robert Sikula, III
Alissa Andrea Sikula
Andrew John Sikula, IV
Andrew Arik Sikula, V


Mogadore Elementary, Middle, and High School

Hiram College B.A. in Economics

Michigan State University M.B.A.

Michigan State University Ph.D. in Management